Street food now a very popular in all over the world. Even some cities have its own reputation on street food. So why people like it, though it is sold at the street in the open air, outside of city’s high class and well decorated building?
According to Wikipedia, Street food is ready-to-eat food or drink sold by a hawker, or vendor, in a street or other public place, such as at a market or fair. It is often sold from a portable food booth, food cart, or food truck and meant for immediate consumption. Some street foods are regional, but many have spread beyond their region of origin. Most street foods are classed as both finger food and fast food, and are cheaper on average than restaurant meals. According to a 2007 study from the Food and Agriculture Organization, 2.5 billion people eat street food every day.
Today, there are many people purchase street food for a number of reasons, such as to get flavorful readymade food for a reasonable price in a sociable setting, to enjoy the experience ethnic cuisines, or for their nostalgia.
Researchers found that people in all over the world enjoy street food for a number of reasons: for a quick, inexpensive bite on the run, to sample flavorful local or exotic food in a social setting, to experience new ethnic cuisines, and to support entrepreneurs, small food businesses and local vendors.
For example: From ancient Greece to Pompeii, from China to Turkey, street food has a long and colorful history. Today, it has become an urban mainstay in large cities and small towns alike, and continues to evolve and tempt the passersby on streets around the world.
In some parts of Europe and North America Street foods, which originated in Asia, Latin America and Africa, have become an integral part of the local food scene.
In Bangladesh, urban population increase in an aggressive way which has stimulated a rise in the number of street food vendors as like in many cities throughout the world. Though there are many people migrated from rural areas to urban centres, is created a daily need among many working people to eat outside the home. That’s why the demand for inexpensive, ready-to-eat food has increased as people day by day.
World Wide Economic contribution, most of the international surveys say women to be involved in 90 percent of enterprises in the Philippines, 53 percent in Senegal and 40 percent in Indonesia (Tinker and Cohen, 1985).
In Southeast Asia, the average earnings of a vendor may be three to ten times more than the minimum wage and they are often comparable to the wages of skilled labourers employed in the formal sector. In Malaysia, net incomes varying, from US$4 to $36 (with an average of $16 per day) are derived from daily sales ranging in value from $10 to $120 (Andringa and Kies, 1989).
Effect on people health, most of street food are made of fresh ingredients and though all food here instant cooking and Snacks which are fried or baked during preparation are considered to be safe foods since they are usually consumed without delay. According to survey on 135 street foods in Iloilo, the Philippines found that only one item caused diarrhoea among the study participants (Tinker, 1987). It may be that illnesses occur but are not reported to medical authorities. It has also been suggested that individuals develop immunities to foodborne diseases, although detailed studies are needed to confirm immunity development.
As, all foods there are fist food with traditional flavor and serve instantly after cooking, such as noodles, meat balls, soto and so on are considered to be safe foods. But while cold meals such as rice and vegetable dishes mixed together are classed as “high risk” foods from a microbiological perspective. Most meals which contain peanut sauce or coconut milk are considered to pose especially high risks.
So, we should be more careful while taking street food but shouldn’t be missed its wonderful social engagement with nice flavor. And the street foods deserve the attention of policy-makers and vendors should be given opportunities to improve their situation and develop their enterprises into city food establishments.